Benedict Cumberbatch will make his first appearance as Doctor Strange in the Marvel Cinematic Universe in November’s Doctor Strange, but Doctor Strange’s appointment book already seems to be filling up.
Rumors have already been circulating suggesting that Doctor Strange will make an appearance in Thor: Ragnarok. That would be Doctor Strange’s first Marvel Cinematic Universe crossover appearance. Cumberbatch seemingly just confirmed his second.
Speaking Empire Magazine about Doctor Strange’s future in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, Cumberbatch noted the “logistical challenge of aligning his schedule with those of Robert Downey Jr, Chris Hemsworth, Elizabeth Olsen and Paul Bettany”.
Downey, Evans, Olsen, and Bettany are, of course, the actors who respectively play Iron Man, Captain America, Scarlet Witch, and Vision of the Avengers. The next film on Marvel’s schedule that it would make sense for all four of those characters to appear in Avengers: Infinity War.
“To get us all together will be quite something,” Cumberbatch continued. “That’s why this character is being introduced, to open up the next chapter. So watch this space to see how that unfolds.”
Hey PS Plus members, let’s get in the Halloween spirit with this month’s free games lineup for October, 2016.
First up, we have Resident Evil. What better way to get excited for the holiday and the upcoming Resident Evil VII than by going back to the start of it all? This year Capcom is celebrating the 20th anniversary of the franchise, and this remastered HD version is the perfect way to enjoy the game. So whether you’re reacquainting with old friends Chris Redfield and Jill Valentine, or meeting them for the first time, get ready to learn the secrets of the mansion that lies on the outskirts of Raccoon City.
Next up is Transformers: Devastation. Drawing on the talents from the original Transformers TV series for the story and voice work, the game should feel pleasantly familiar to fans. Fabled developer PlatinumGames also delivers a fun and rewarding combat system with their signature fast-paced action. With your choice of five Autobots, get in there and battle against the Decepticons and Insecticons to save earth from Megatron’s evil plans.
While Yooka-Laylee is set to be coming to several platforms when it launches next year, there is at least one major new platform that it will be skipping initially. If you were hoping to possibly play the game on Nintendo’s upcoming NX console, then you are unfortunately out of luck for now.
Developer Playtonic Games recently spoke with The Digital Fix about the platforms the game will be coming to next year, revealing that the game won’t be coming to NX at launch due to their small team already being stretched with current platforms. “At this stage we’re aiming to just release on what we promised on Kickstarter,” said Playtonic. “Which is a lot for us as a team of twenty people!”
Loco Theory, a start-up app company, announced today the release of its first game app, Trump Border Wall Run. The game is neither pro-Trump nor anti-Trump. It's a mobile game that is cleverly designed as a hilarious runner game where Trump first dances and then is on his way, running obstacles on top of the world's yuugest border wall. The game is addictive. Take the stress out of politics, Trump Border Wall Run will make a player laugh and possibly lower blood pressure a point or two.
One of Atlantic City's casinos is set to debut what is being pegged as the world's first skill-based video game gambling machine, geared toward millennials and members of Generation X who grew up playing Nintendo and other video game systems.
GameCo Inc., which has offices in New York and Las Vegas, will debut its machine this fall at Caesars properties in Atlantic City, including Caesars, Harrah's Resort and Bally's Wild Wild West, pending New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement approval.
The company was founded by casino gaming, technology and video game veterans, including producers from video game publishing companies Ubisoft and Blizzard Entertainment.
The video game gambling machine — dubbed Danger Arena — is a first-person action video game where the payout is determined by the player's skill. It's an arcade-style video game cabinet and controller (see photo).
“It’s tremendously exciting to be first-to-market in an industry effort to attract the next generation of players to the casino floor, and we’re thrilled to be launching with Caesars in Atlantic City,” said Blaine Graboyes, CEO and cofounder of GameCo.
Video-games tied in with movie releases are usually terrible games but we allow them to be as bad as they are because we know that their release was designed to capitalize on the popularity of the movie.
In most cases, the game is rushed through development so that it can be available at the same time as the movie and corners are cut to get it there in time. Thankfully, Suicide Squad: Special Ops for PC is an exception to the rule.
Video game piracy is a major concern for publishers and developers alike. While musicians can still hope that fans who steal their albums will spend money on merchandise or tickets for live shows, the opportunity for profit is lost when someone steals a game. That’s why game makers have to be very careful about the way they interact with pirates, because raking them over the coals never helps.
But you know what they say when the odds are stacked against you and there’s no viable solution on the table: “If you can’t beat ’em, join ’em.”
That’s exactly what publisher PM Studios did when it discovered that users on the Vitahacks and VitaPiracy subreddits were sharing links to pirated copies of its PS Vita game Superbeat: Xonic. Rather than admonish the pirates for stealing their content or taking money from the pockets of developers, they left this message:
We feel honoured that you enjoy our game SUPERBEAT XONiC so much, we would like to invite you to take this opportunity to purchase it on sale at the Playstation Store.
You can enjoy the original game and show support to the team for just $15.99 (60% off), no Playstation Plus required!
Have a nice day!
With Destiny: Rise of Iron out last week, it's expected the team at Bungie would begin to look toward the next iteration of the series. What few expected was that we'd have any details about the game this soon.
Earlier today, neoGAF poster benny_a posted that they knew someone at Activision, and that they had told them the company had begun communicating early details on Destiny 2; this includes the game coming to PC, and that Vicarious Visions (which has worked on the Skylanders franchise) and High Moon Studios (which collaborated with Bungie on the first Destiny) would be helping with development.
Now Kotaku reports details on Destiny 2 corroborating some of benny_a's details. Additionally, Kotaku reports Destiny 2 will undergo some big changes from the original Destiny. "[Destiny 2] is a completely different game," says one Kotaku source. "The Taken King was a reboot for Destiny 1 to fix small things. This is the overhaul to fix big things.”
Other details from the Kotaku report include planets being more populated with towns and outposts, and for quests to be more involved than the patrol missions players can undertake in Destiny.
Call of Duty: Black Ops 3 has been letting prolific modders loose with official modding tools in closed alpha for a while now, but now it's time for anyone with even a slight interest and some ability to get involved in the open beta.
Back in April Treyarch started sending out invites for the modding close alpha and together the modding community and Treyarch have been testing and iterating on the tools, refining them to make them more usable for a wider audience.
"Opening access to modding and mapping tools to a wider audience will allow us to more effectively address bugs, add polish, and move closer to a complete suite of PC features. While these tools are most certainly for the community, they wouldn’t be possible without the community itself, which is why we’re grateful for your patience and participation."
The wait is over! Finally, everyone can pre-order Warhammer: End Times – Vermintide for Sony Playstation 4™ and Xbox One, the all-in-one games and entertainment system from Microsoft. The console versions of Vermintide will be released on October 4th.
EA sends along a press release announcing Keysplosion for Plants vs. Zombies 2, which allows all players to unlock all in-game Worlds for free.
Today, Plants vs. Zombies™ 2 introduces Keysplosion! For the first time ever, all 11 in-game Worlds in PvZ2 can be unlocked and explored instantly by any player for free. The Keysplosion allows all players, new and old, to adventure their way through any World and all 312 levels, introducing more choice and freedom to their battle of doom versus bloom. The PvZ2 Worlds will also be reordered to introduce bigger challenges and higher stakes. Players’ skills will be tested at each progressing stage and guided through escalating challenges that prepare them for the zombies ahead.
In addition to every world unlocked, PvZ2 is celebrating Fall with a harvest horde of big-headed zombies in the PvZ2 Big Brainz event. The Big Brainz event starts September 29 through October 12, 2016 and delivers jumbo-sized zombie craniums and an all-new stunningly powerful plant: Apple Mortar. Apple Mortar lobs projectiles down three lanes that stun targets on contact – a perfect companion for melee plants! Apple Mortar’s Plant Food can also hurl massive projectiles across the board that deals super splash damage.
We’ve got the details on the launch day edition of Yakuza 0! For those who pre-order and secure a copy when the game launches, we’ve created the special Yakuza 0 “The Business” launch edition! It includes the game, a stainless steel business card holder decorated with Kiryu’s Dragon tattoo and Majima’s “Hanya” tattoo designs. Oh, we also made bi-lingual replicas of their business cards from Tachibana Real Estate and the Cabaret Grand. (We also included a special “Hostesses” card, because Yakuza.)
Second, there have been a lot of people asking for this, and we’re finally confirming here on PlayStation.Blog that Yakuza 0 will have a digital pre-order starting today! The digital version of the game will include a static theme for PS4 featuring the two protagonists.
Yakuza 0 hits your PS4 on January 24, 2017 and is available for pre-order now!
From Jonás Cuarón and Alfonso Cuarón, the acclaimed filmmakers of GRAVITY, comes a unique, modern vision of terror. DESIERTO is a visceral, heart-pounding suspense-thriller packed with tension and suspense from start to finish, starring Gael García Bernal (THE MOTORCYCLE DIARIES and Y TU MAMÀ TAMBIÉN) and Jeffrey Dean Morgan (WATCHMEN).
What begins as a hopeful journey to seek a better life becomes a harrowing and primal fight for survival when a deranged, rifle-toting vigilante chases a group of unarmed men and women through the treacherous U.S.-Mexican border. In the harsh, unforgiving desert terrain, the odds are stacked firmly against them as they continuously discover there’s nowhere to hide from the unrelenting, merciless killer.
Amazon Studios announced that it has greenlit three comedies — Jill Soloway’s “I Love Dick,” “Jean-Claude Van Johnson” and its reboot of “The Tick” — as original series set to debut in 2017.
The half-hour series are “I Love Dick,” adapted by “Transparent” creator Soloway based on the feminist novel about a couple’s marital struggles in the artistic and academic community of Marfa, Texas; “Jean-Claude Van Johnson,” featuring martial-arts actor Jean-Claude Van Damme operating under an alias as the most dangerous undercover private contractor in the world; and “The Tick,” a revival of the offbeat superhero story based on the popular comic.
The new series orders come after Amazon released pilots of each show on Aug. 19; Amazon says it incorporates viewer feedback and ratings in deciding which TV shows to order as full series. “I Love Dick,” “The Tick” and “Jean-Claude Van Johnson” are slated to premiere exclusively on Amazon Prime Video next year in the U.S., U.K., Germany, Austria and Japan.
The Tick wasn't bad, it wasn't great either. I'm disappointed that they decided not to move forward with a full season of the western Edge instead of these other shows.
At a time when Britain was recovering from war and her empire was in decline, a young woman took the throne as a matter of duty not desire. Prepare for a world full of intrigue and revelations in The Crown.
Agent 47 must hunt down the evasive Shadow Client that has been eluding the ICA.
With four targets to take out, the “Freedom Fighters” mission delivers an intense infiltration mission that forces players to evolve trusted tactics. The area is extremely hostile, with a newly built perimeter fence and patrols around the clock.
Episode 5: Colorado rewards with huge story revelations as the season builds towards a thrilling climax.
I get the question. Society serves you things like the movie posters for Pixels and you are genuinely confused. Is it a pixel? Is it a voxel? Is it a bird? Is it a plane? They sure don’t make it easy on you.
I still can’t decide if because of my love for old video games I should definitely watch this movie or definitely *not* watch this movie.
Fear not, you’re in safe hands now. By the time you’re done reading this article you will know everything there is to know about pixels and voxels and everything in between. Here, take a cookie.
(This is a long article, but I promise you, you’re reading Retronator Magazine which means there are more images than text.)
I found this well illustrated article on what is essentially the evolution of the pixel. It's long, informative, fun and easy to grasp. The author (Matej ‘Retro’ Jan) has a new fan.
Jack Tretton, the former CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment America, recently spoke with IGN about his 19-year career at PlayStation and weighed in with his thoughts on the struggles of the company's most recent handheld, PS Vita.
When asked how he feels about the Vita in hindsight on this month's episode of IGN Unfiltered, Tretton said, "Now that I don't work there anymore, I think internally it was: 'This is a great machine, it's just too late.' The world has shifted to portable devices that aren't dedicated gaming machines."
The former SCEA CEO went to highlight the success of Vita's predecessor, noting that PlayStation Portable was effective in not only bringing console-like experiences to handheld, but also pulling in older gamers.
Unlike PSP, however, Vita released at a time when interest in such a device was on a major decline, thanks to the rise in popularity of gaming on smartphones and tablets. As such, Tretton looks back on PlayStation Vita as "a nice machine" that launched "at a time when very few people needed a dedicated portable device."
Experienced coroner Tommy Tilden and his grown-up son Austin run a family-owned morgue and crematorium in Virginia. When the local Sheriff brings in an emergency case – an unknown female corpse nicknamed ‘Jane Doe’, found in the basement of a home where a multiple homicide took place – it seems like just another open-and-shut case. But as the autopsy proceeds, these seasoned professionals are left reeling as each layer of their inspection brings frightening new revelations. Perfectly preserved on the outside, Jane Doe’s insides have been scarred, charred and dismembered — seemingly the victim of a horrific yet mysterious ritualistic torture. As Tommy and Austin begin to piece together these gruesome discoveries, an unnatural force takes hold of the crematorium. While a violent storm rages above ground, it seems the real horrors lie on the inside…
The Bunker is a live-action video game for PC, PS4 and Xbox One. Starring Adam Brown (The Hobbit trilogy) and Sarah Greene (Penny Dreadful, Assassin’s Creed 3) with a story written and developed by gaming talent behind Broken Sword, The Witcher, and SOMA.
The Bunker tells the story of John, the last survivor living in a government bunker after a nuclear attack wiped out England. But the bunker holds many secrets, and John must confront his suppressed memories to survive the horrors deep underground…
Coming September 20 (PC, PS4) & September 23 (Xbox One)
This week, part 2 of our Final Fantasy retrospective comes at you with 5 and 6. Andre has all the details, Theo goes treasure hunting, Chris practices the way of the fist and Joe gets edgy. We're coming at you live, though you'll hear us on tape delay, The Kings are back on EvilAvatar with the thirty-fifth episode of the 4205 Cast podcast and this week The Kings discuss Final Fantasy 5 & 6.
French publisher Ubisoft has outsold all of its competitors across a number of key territories so far in 2016.
It says that NPD data shows that is has for six months been the top publisher by sales year-to-date in 2016. This applies to Europe, the US, Canada and Australia. In Europe and Australia it has a 14.9 per cent market share, while in the US and Canada it stands at 13 per cent.
It also says The Division is the year’s best-selling title and Far Cry Primal resides in the Top Ten. In addition, Rainbow Six Siege has seen a 40 per cent boost in active players since its last update.
Gamers Nexus has posted a detailed article talking with Chris Roberts on Star Citizen's Procedural Planets, Alpha 3.0, & CitizenCon.
3.0 is the first time you can say that, when you get out there and fly around, it will feel like a full game, or a complete game, because you'll be able to go between locations, buy and sell stuff, earn money, do all the things you normally would do in something like a Privateer or a Freelancer. That's the first step to the Persistent Universe getting fully fleshed-out. There's a lot more to be done -- locations, worlds, systems, additional professions.
Fresh back from the new Sony Pictures The Magnificent Seven! If you have seen the trailer or watched the many, many, many character vignettes then you probably already know if this movie is for you.
The movie stars Chris Pratt, Denzel Washington, Ethan Hawke & Daredevil's Vincent D'Onofrio along with a plethora of newcomers as western heroes tasked with defending a small town from a homicidal mining baron and his horde of faceless minions.
This is straight-up old-school cowboy action. Pretty much 132 minutes of guys shooting stuff while wearing cowboy hats. It has a lot of the flavor and character of the old 60's westerns... people get shot and they fall off the roof, smash through windows or just lay down dead with almost zero blood and gore.
I agree with a lot of the online reviews that say that the movie doesn't push the western genre forward at all. It is an homage to the original Yul Brynner 1960 feature instead of a rewrite or re-imagining of the storyline.
Despite a silly high-pitched voice Vincent D'Onofrio steals most every scene he is in and indie Sci Fi veteran Ethan Hawke has all of the most emotional moments. (Though Haley Bennett does an excellent job of playing a woman barely hanging onto her emotions after losing her husband.) You might have expected Chris Pratt to be the big screen draw here after the success of Guardians of the Galaxy and Jurassic World and instead he really is more of a team member, getting no more or no less good lines and screen time than anyone else.
Worth seeing on the screen if you are a fan of westerns, this one might be a little more family-friendly than you might expect after the recent Tarantino westerns. Which probably isn't a bad thing.
We had great fun. The theater was packed and people laughed and applauded during the great lines and exciting revenge moments. Four Evil Eyes!
Daily Star: For gamers that are more traditionally PC who have seen the announcement (PS4 Pro) may they be more inclined to maybe go for that?
Michael Pachter:PC gamers are like racists where they only like their own kind and they have no interest in venturing out and mixing with other races. PC Gamers are arrogant twits who are convinced at what they do is better than anyone else could possibly do.
The same could be said for certain "gaming analysts!"
It is now one year since we released SOMA which means it is time for an update on the current state of things.
As always let's start with the thing that is of most interest to people: How much has the game sold? This is always a bit of a tricky figure to nail down as it depends a bit on how you want to count. For instance, we were part of the Humble Monthly Bundle this September which caused a lot of people to get the game, but none of these were "direct sales". Instead, we got one big payment for taking part in the deal. For the sake of simplicity, I will simply lump all of these figures together as a whole, which brings us to a total of a bit over 450 000. Or to phrase it differently: almost half a million units sold!
The next chapter in the exciting moto-racing series -Ride- arrives next year with RIDE 2. Featuring 15 competitive game modes, 30 world-renowned courses, and over 190 bikes from all the top manufacturers, Ride 2 brings the thrill of true motorcycle racing in the biggest racing experience ever on two wheels. Race on GP Circuits, Country and City tracks, and legendary circuits including Nürburgring Nordschleife, Ulster GP, and the Northwest 200 – all faithfully recreated.
Multiple reports today have named a handful of companies that could be thinking about bidding to purchase social networking site Twitter--and Microsoft is among them.
TechCrunch reports that Microsoft, Google, Salesforce, and Verizon are all potentially interested in bidding to acquire Twitter, though nothing is nailed down at this point. Whatever the case, investors are responding positively to the news, as shares rose by 22 percent today.
According to the report, Microsoft's supposed expression of interest to acquire Twitter is in part a play to drive up the price to keep Salesforce, a cloud computing company, from buying it. A Microsoft spokesperson declined to comment.
Microsoft announced in June that it would pay more than $26 billion to acquire LinkedIn. Salesforce was interested in buying LinkedIn before Microsoft stepped in to seal the deal, according to The Wall Street Journal.
Every game from Digital Homicide Studios L.L.C., makers of such classics as ElT: Extra Large Testicle, Krog Wars, Gnarltoof's Revenge and 2014's reputed worst game The Slaughtering Grounds, has been removed from Steam. The reason for this unusual act by Valve in culling its storefront of games with review scores in single digits? The developer's habit of suing Steam customers for reviewing their titles.
...James Oliver Romine Jr., Digital Homicide cofounder, is suing 100 anonymous Steam users for $18 million as compensation for "personal injury."
According to documents that were uploaded by YouTuber SidAlpha, the anonymous users getting sued have used handles such as Toon Vlux, Nathos, Jon114 and Drackmore.
A snippet of Romine's complaint that was retrieved by Kotaku shows the DH cofounder's allegations that the listed users have repeatedly attacked him for up to 21 months and have amassed a total of 20,000 postings on Steam, YouTube and social media portals such as Reddit.
TechRaptor reports that Judge Eileen Willett, who is currently assigned to the case, granted Romine with a subpoena for "early discovery," which obliges Valve to identify and reveal the anonymous Steam users.
Yep, seeking subpoenas for Valve to provide anonymous user's identities and all. I either heard, remembered incorrectly or made up and then believed that Digital Homicide's website, which resembles a Geocities Sailor Moon fan shrine from 1996, carried a response to removal from Steam prior to being yanked. Luckily their cry of victimhood is still available via the company's GoFundMe page, where they are soliciting anonymous donations to support lawsuits towards gamers for tens of millions of dollars. Oh, and Kotaku's Nathan Grayson blames Valve. Burn forums, burn.
After a number of updates seemingly managed to set right the much maligned fifth main series entry to gaming's seminal fighter, Capcom is now reeling once again. No, not because it still lacks direct input for PC. Seemingly having take a cue from their benefactors at Sony, the most recent update adds not only Street Fighter III's Urien but a root kit as well, allegedly to seek out cheaters. It also "gives any installed application kernel-level privileges." Yikes!
Let's drill down to the technical details: the capcom.sys kernel-level driver provides an IOCTL service to applications that disables SMEP on the computer, executes code at a given pointer, and then reenables SMEP. In other words, it switches off a crucial security defense in the operating system, then runs whatever instructions are given to it by the application, and then switches the protection back on.
SMEP [PDF] is a feature in modern Intel and AMD x86 processors that, when enabled, prevents kernel-level software from executing code in user-owned memory pages. It's there to stop hackers from tricking the operating system into running malicious software smuggled into an application's virtual memory space – the OS should only be able to run its own trusted code, not anything provided by any old app.
While the update is being rolled back now to remove the root kit, one can imagine how the fanbase is handling it. Actually no, one doesn't have to imagine. It's nuclear.
Discover the story of Marcus Holloway, a brilliant young hacker from the San Francisco Bay area. Join the famous hacker group DedSec and reveal the secrets of a powerful tech corporation that tries to manipulate people on a massive scale. Join DedSec, take the control back.
Activision and Infinity Ward have announced that the Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare multiplayer beta will take place during two weekends. The beta starts with the PS4 on October 14th, for people who have pre-ordered the game. People that pre-ordered the game on Xbox One and PS4 will be able to play on Friday, October 21st at 10am PT. Check the Beta FAQ for more info.
Hot off the worldwide reveal at Call of Duty XP, the wait will soon be over for fans itching to get their hands on with Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare’s multiplayer. Those who have pre-ordered the game on PlayStation 4 will be able to join the beta first, starting at 10am PT on Friday, October 14.
Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare multiplayer allows you to customize your play like never before, with the fast paced gameplay that Call of Duty is known for, giving you more ways to optimize weapons and gear to your personal style of play. Infinite Warfare introduces the most advanced tools of war: combat rigs, high-tech equipment, and unique prototype weapons. Everything – including weapons, equipment, lethals and tacticals – has been built for a variety of play styles, where you have the power to combine them however you want. Movement in Infinite Warfare multiplayer builds from the fluid, momentum-based system of Call of Duty: Black Ops III and is evolved to custom-fit the new combat that will still feel familiar to any Call of Duty player.
The beta will continue on Friday, October 21 at 10am PT for fans who have preordered the game on either PlayStation 4 or Xbox One, and conclude on Monday, October 24 at 10am PT. The beta’s content will be announced in the coming weeks, so stay tuned.
Click on the Headline for the Multiplayer Overview Trailer.
Deus Ex: Mankind Divided - System Rift Now Available
Today, Square Enix and Eidos-Montréal announced that Deus Ex: Mankind Divided – System Rift, the first Story DLC for Deus Ex: Mankind Divided is now available on Xbox Live, PlayStation Network, and online stores.
In Deus Ex: Mankind Divided – System Rift, you will re-unite with Frank Pritchard, Adam’s friend and former colleague at Sarif Industries, and assist him in hunting down information on the mysterious Santeau Group. Desperate to get more information, Pritchard targets one of the most secure data banks ever created – the Palisade Blade. In agreeing to help, Adam may also be able to uncover hints as to who the illuminati really are.
To celebrate the release of Deus Ex: Mankind Divided - System Rift, Deus Ex GO will provide a free Pritchard-inspired update. Between Sunday September 25th, 5pm PST and Sunday October 2nd, 5pm PST, you will have the chance to play as Pritchard as part of the weekly Live Puzzles updates. During this limited time offer, there will be new and challenging hacking themed puzzles, with increased difficulty, designed to test even the most experienced of Deus Ex GO players. Deus Ex GO will be on sale at a 60% discount from Thursday September 22nd through Thursday September 29th for $1.99.
Deus Ex: Mankind Divided and Deus Ex: Mankind Divided – System Rift are available for PlayStation 4, the Xbox One all-in-one games and entertainment system from Microsoft, and Windows PC.
August 1, 1966, was the day our innocence was shattered. A sniper rode the elevator to the top floor of the iconic University of Texas Tower and opened fire, holding the campus hostage for 96 minutes in what was a previously unimaginable event. TOWER combines archival footage with rotoscopic animation of the dramatic day, based entirely on first person testimonies from witnesses, heroes and survivors, in a seamless and suspenseful retelling of the unfolding tragedy. The film highlights the fear, confusion, and visceral realities that changed the lives of those present, and the rest of us, forever - a day when the worst in one man brought out the best in so many others.